Domain names are used to recognize one or more IP addresses. Let us take an example, the domain name yahoo.com represents about a half-dozen IP addresses. Domain names are used in URLs to classify particular Web pages. For example, in the URL http://www.tecsys.in/ the domain name is tecsys.in.
Every domain name has a suffix that specifies its top level domain (TLD).
Few examples are:
• gov – Government agencies
• org – Organizations (nonprofit)
• edu – Educational institutions
• net – Network organizations
• mil – Military
• com – commercial business
• biz – Business purpose
• xxx – Adult site
• int – International Companies
• mobi – Mobile sites
• pro – Professionals
• tel – Internet Communication Services
• in – India
As the Internet is centered on IP addresses, and not domain names, hence every Web server needs a Domain Name System (DNS) server to convert domain names into IP addresses.
Have you wondered why and when the domain originated?
There were IP addresses in the beginning – long, cumbersome strings of numbers that represented computers on the Internet. One had to remember that a string of numbers, such as 184.108.40.206, will land you to a particular website. System was introduced known as DNS (Domain Name System) in 1984, which translates easy to remember words and phrases (domain names) into IP addresses, thus saving us the trouble of memorizing all those numbers.
Life cycle of domain?
Day 1: You’ve Just Concluded Registering Your Domain Name
On the first day of registration your domain name is registered at the domain registry and set up in Hover DNS. Within the next 48 hours (depending on DNS propagation) your domain name will resolve and appear in domain WHOIS lookups, such as http://who.is/
During the initial 4 days, it is still possible to have your domain name deleted from the registry in case you change your mind or there is a spelling error.
Day 5: Your Domain Name Cannot Be Withdrawn or Erased From the Registry
After the 5th day of registration the domain name cannot be Withdrawn or Erased from the domain registry.
Day 60: The Domain Transfer Lock is no longer applicable
During the first 60 days, all domain registrations are non-transferrable due to a registry being locked. After 60 days have been completed, you can transfer your domain name to any ICANN accredited Registrar.
Day 365: End of Domain Registration, Grace Period begins
One year after the domain was registered it will expire and will enter into grace period which consists of 40 days. The domain will stop resolving and all services will be temporarily terminated. Hosting and domain forwarding services will be disabled and any associated email addresses will stop receiving new email; senders will receive a bounce back error message if they try to send an email to an email address using an expired domain.The domain owner can still renew their domain and Hover services at any time during the grace period at their regular price without penalty.
Day 405 (40 Days after Expiration): End of Grace Period, and the commencement of Redemption Period
Kindly note that the domain redemption may not be applicable for all domain names!
After the 40 day grace period the domain name is deleted from the domain registration database. The domain registry will allow an additional 30-day period for redemption. During this period the domain owner can have their domain name redeemed by paying a $175.00 redemption fee in addition to the cost of a one year service renewal.
During redemption, you may notice the domain’s expiration date in WHOIS lookups has moved ahead one year in the database of the registry. This shall be a momentary auto renewal at the registry.
Day 435 (70 Days after Expiration): Redemption Period Ends
70 days after expiration marks the end of the redemption period ends. The domain is placed in a “Pending- Delete” status at the registry for five days. At this time, it is not possible to redeem or recover the domain name.
Day 440 (75 Days since Expiration): The Domain Name is removed From the Registry
After the five day pending delete period, the domain shall be permanently deleted from the registry. At this point, the domain shall be available to the general public for new registration.
What does a domain name consists of?
Regardless of the domain extension, all domain names should follow the same character rules… letters (abcd), numbers (1234) and dashes/hyphens (—-) can be used but Spaces are not permitted and the domain cannot begin or end with a dash.
Few know the fact that you CAN have multiple dashes right next to each other. (E.g. domain—names.com) sake of this few more possibilities were opened?
What are the different levels of the domain?
A domain name consists of different levels like Top level domain / Domain Extension, Second level domain, Third level domain etc. For e.g.:
in = Top level domain / Domain Extension
tecsys = Second level domain
blog = Third level domain
www = Fourth level domain
com = Top level domain / Domain Extension
google = Second level domain
www = Third level domain
What is a good domain name ?
A good domain name is a name easy to remember and associates with the brand. A good domain name can work wonders for making a brand famous online and attracting more visitors.