The function of Rail transport is transporting or conveying people, cattle, and general merchandise by means of a mounted vehicle on a rail system. Generally known as the railway or the rail road it is the most common form of rail transport. Being one of the oldest forms of modern transportation, it is used for conveyance of people and for transportation of freight. Railways remain to stay a feasible and consistent mode of transportation.

The exact origin of the railway is not agreed upon by the Historians. The forerunner of the modern railway is said to be a wheeled device placed on the wooden rail system. The power to move the wheeled device was derived either from humans or animals dragging the vehicles to and fro over the wooden tracks.

Certain people tend to ponder the real history of the railways with the improvement of the steam engine. The awareness of making transportation that would use the steam generated pressure for moving the wheels of the wheeled device. The wooden tracks were replaced by the metal tracks and were linked to each other with heavy wooden ties below the tracks, keeping proper alignment between the two rails and also providing stability to the locomotive.

In the 19th century one of the key factors of development during the Industrial revolution was the use of the steam engine created in the late 18th century. As time went by railway become remarkably popular not only to transport cattle and several types of goods, but also for conveyance of humans.

The railways continued to progress throughout the first half of the 20th century. Further enhancement of the steam engine enabled more people and goods to be transported. The steam locomotives were supplemented with electrical transmission; this helped in the overall improvement of the railways. The introduction of private automobile was unable to reduce people’s enthusiasm for travelling by railway such was the popularity gained by railways. On the same time railways continued to be the primary mode to transport for carrying goods in many nations.

The making of diesel locomotion after the II world war assisted railway transport to remain a sustainable choice. The other alternative forms of transport began to eat into railways share of transport, of both people and goods. Improved road conditions made the use of trailer trucks faster and economical. Bus organizations also took benefit of enhanced roads and starter to run countrywide routes, providing the public to have comparatively low-cost fares. By 1950’s passengers airlines were more frequent and are often the reason for the reduction in the passenger number of railways.

While those who predicted the end of the railway transport had to take back their words. Railways continue to function. The new ways to tackle competition with various form of ground transport, like scheme or packages with include railway travel as a part of tourism package. The making of new light rail conveyance which provides a faster mean of transport to a narrow number of places has proven to be a feasible substitute to airplanes and vehicles.